Prof Dr Debashish Kundu
The spagyric homeopathy is a homeopathic therapy, which raises a vital analogy between the behavior of individuals and the behavior of nature. Reactions, symptoms, signs and behaviors of each individual are compared with various levels of observation of nature through twenty-six paintings reaction, in which reflected some physiological, psychological and emotional patient, establishing the different analogies with nature , its rhythms, patterns and behaviors. Later by stimulation protocols and leveling aspects is achieved blocked the restoration of the lost harmony.
ON WHICH SPECIFIC BASIS DID SPAGYRIC MEDECINE RELY UPON?
The signification given by the etymology of the word spagyria is the following:extract (spao) and combine (ageiro). But what’s exactly the matter? What shall we separate and combine, and following which metod?
To try to answer to these basic questions, it is fitting to approach hereafter the major theories of the old alchemists:
THE TWO NATURES:
In the nature, each manifestation is expressed under a biopolarity: male and female, active and passive(+) and negative (-) (the poles of the two conductor wires),fix and volatile. …
It is the YIN-YANG representing the androgynous egg in the eastern traditions. No value being absolute, the masculine bears in itself traces of feminity and vice versa. It is the same for light and obsurity for the makeup of darkness.
Ancients enjoyed themselves in veiling these “two natures” under the appearence of the Sun and the Moon, or under the mythological aspect of Mars:god of war, or Venus:goddess of love.
THE FOUR ELEMENTS
In the modern physico-chemistry, a hundred of elements are taken into account, methodically classified in Mendéleïeff table (of periodic classification); but what are like that qualified elements, are in reality only atomic components following an analytic conception, nothing else!
It does not remain less true that we always consider three fundamental states of the Material:solid,liquid and gaseous. This does not fail to be akin to the thinking of ancients on the generic appearance of the elements:
EARTH,WATER and AIR to which is to be added FIRE which allows to go from one to another.
Therefore, when warming a liquid (water element), it becomes vaporized (air element).
It is the same for metallic ores, which, during the fusion, are going from the Earth element to the Water element, before cooling of ore extracted from its matrix.
Solids can therefore be liquefied; liquids can be vaporized and become gas, and gas concentrate into liquids.
According to “Alexander epistle”:
“Everything that was of warm quality has been called by ancients:fire;what was dry and hard,earth;what was humid and fluid,water;cold and subtle,air.”
The four elements were represented according the following graphs:
FIRE WATER AIR EARTH
(Earth and Water are considered as fixed; Fire as volatile).
In the conception of ancients,the Elements were not only related to physical state of the Material,but also to qualities:warm,cold,humid,dry.
“Warm and dry generate fire;
warm and fluid(or humid) generate air;
cold and fluid generate water;
cold and dry generate earth”.
As for establishing a correspondence with the 4 seasons,there was only one step,which the alchemists have crossed cheerfully.Spring nature is humid and warm,in relation with Air element,summer hot and dry, in relation with Fire element ,autumn dry and cold, in relation with Earth element and winter humid and cold, in relation with Water element.
But to these 4 basic ELEMENTS was added a fifth one: the QUINTESSENCE ,the most subtle essence:the fifth one,extracted from the four purified elements.
Paracelsus defined it as follows:
“The quintessence is a certain material extracted from all things that Nature has produced, and from each thing which has a corporial life in itself, a material cleaned of any impurity or mortality in the most subtle way, and separated from all elements. From this, it is evident that the quintessence is, to say everything, a nature, a strength, a virtue, and a medicine at the same time, in fact, enclosed in all things, but from now on, free from any residence and any outer oncorporation”- Fourth book of Archidoxes.
The whole problem therefore consists in extracting this subtle essence.
But how to proceed?
To liberate this Quintessence, it is fitting to approach now the matter of the 3 Spagyric Principles,obscurely raised by ancients (They did deliberatly,to better veil the elaboration of the famous “Philosopher’s stone”) and so clearly raised by PARACELSUS? like we are going to see.
THE 3 PRINCIPLES: MERCURY, SULPHUR and SALT
The alchemist Bernard le Trévisan who echoed the ancients had against these 3 principles hermetic talks:
“Like this is Trinity in unity, and unity in Trinity, because there are bodies; spirit and soul. There also is Sulphur, Mercury and Arsenic (Salt).” (In la parole délaissée)
Like that he evidenced the spiritual analogy between:
The metaphysical conception : Spirit, Soul, Body and the 3 principles linked to material : Mercury, Sulphur, Salt
Of course,we are not talking about metallic mercury (quicksilver), neither common sulphur, nor cooking salt, but 3 PRINCIPLES.
Being specified that these 3 principles were confined inside the 4 elements, the alchemist Michel Sendivogius expressed, as for him, his mind, more concrete:
-with regards to Mercury “Mercury is a ventilated and rare spiritual solution, swollen with a little bit of Sulphur, and the nearest instrument of the natural warmness …”
-with regards to Sulphur “Sulphur is a fat and oily principle that links the other principles,completly different…”
-with regards to Salt “Salt is a things substance and a fixed principle comparable to the element of the earth.It nourishes Sulphur and Mercury which act on it”.
The following graphs have been chosen to represent these 3 principles:
It has been necessary to wait until the inspired PARACELSUS to obtain more information regarding these 3 principles and especially their way of extraction specialized in the three kingdoms.
Underlining the universality of these principles and identifying them to three kinds of substance,Paracelsus indicated:
“In this experience,these three substance are discovered,whatever the nature, the property or composition is,everything that is contained in all this world(…)And to find them in man, we must first know them and all their properties(…)Art cut them off and render them visible, and like that:
-what burns is sulphur;
-what rises like smoke is mercury;
-what breaks up into ashes is salt”.
Paracelsus specifies in his “Traité des Trois Essences premières”the nature of these substance:
-“one is a solution, it is mercury,
-the other is an oil (oleitas), it is sulphur
– the third one an alkali,it is salt”.
Paracelsus adds in other respects as for the extraction method:
“From unity extract the ternary number and bring back ternary to unity”.
Which means in other words that it is necessary to:
1° extract the three substances;
2° purify them separately;
3° join them harmoniously.
This is what gives all its meaning to the word Spagyry:
As for the processes of extraction, they will be of course variable depending on the material used;because it is quite easy to extract sulphur (oil) from plants, but from ores, it is obviously an other thing!
PROCESSES OF EXTRACTION OF SULPHUR AND SALT FROM THE VEGETAL
Paracelsus provides also an old method for a partial extraction in his “Book of Archidoxes”
“…Herbs and their similar have to be taken first, and to be macerated and digested in spirits, during one month.Then, distill them in a bain-marie during one month adding plants, and separate them: you have a magisterium of the herb you wish to”.
All the same the question was to distinguish the alcoholic distill inducing the volatile essential oils, from the oily residue of the plants which stays in the distillation retort.
The modern operator has at his disposal, for his part, equipment more adapted which he generally uses to obtain tinctures composed of the following plants:
-or from an extractor type Soxhlet
-or from an extractor type Kumagawa
In fact, he can operate with another method, longer and less profitable, but with no doubt more efficient, and obtain the two products of the Tincture perfectly separated.
For this, it is necessary to operate in two steps:
1° Steam and distill the chosen plant, to extract the vegetal oils(sulphur)
2°Put the residue of the above plant through fermentation, to extract the alcohol (mercury).(In the second method, the clear and volatile distill obtained after fermentation can contain various substances like primary or secondary alcohol, generally turning around C4, that can be free or esterified.ketones, particulary methyl ones, aldehydes, as well as some residual terpenes, can also be present, without talking about the low quantity of water that comes inevitably in addition. Regarding distillation with steam,it contains ketones, aldehydes, esters and especially is never free, not partially nor in totality, of its terpenes, contrarily to what is sometimes done in aromatherapy, to refine the essences smell, increase the intensity of their perfume and improve their solubility in alcohol.These compounds reckon in aliphatic carbides and their derivatives (alcohol, aldehydes, ketones, esters), aromatic carbides and phenols,absolutly necessary to the elaboration of the spagyric elixirs and that have to be conserved.)
In the first method evoked above and in which an extractor intervenes, the alcohol used as solvent (menstruum) is obtained from a good spirits (grape preferably) enough rectified to allow creating an alcohol near to 96°. It is not of any alcohol we are talking about!
In the second method, of course a lot longer, the residue of the plant from which oil has been extracted is put trough a slow fermentation, at a soft temperature, in a drying oven, during some weeks. Before this,non-refined sugar or natural yeast to favor the fermentation is to be added to the compound. The alcohol obtained will be very weak: 6 to 9°, no more.It will then be necessary to rectify it to go up to 90° and more if needed.
It is therefore possible to proceed following various manners; the most important is to obtain dark tinctures, strongly colored, with the oil not stuck-in its fragility-to the balloon of distillation walls.
We can mention for reference two other methods:
-The one of Dr. C.F .Zimpel- inspired by the work of Glauber- who at the end of last century,elaborated at the pharmaceutical factory of Göppinger in Germany a number of Spagyric preparations.Dr Zampel let ferment fresh plants in presence of brewer’s yeast, without having first extracted oils;then,he distilled slowly the fermentation product like were traditionally distilled spirits. Therefore, in this alcoholate process, the separation between the two principles oiland alcohol was not clear, because distill had carry along with it some some volatile essential oils and not the whole sulphur portion of the plant.
-The one of Baron Alexander von Bernus, founder in 1921, in Germany also, of Soluna laboratory (ex.Stift-Neubourg),which used the preliminary fermentation only to Spagyricly open the vegetal substances containing toxic alkaloids (celandine, digitalis, for example).Ordinary, a simple maceration of the plant in an alcohol adjusted to 5° for example,with a little bit of acetic acid ,was enough to to extract after, by slow distillation the Mercury (alcohol) of the considered plant.The residue of the distillation containing the Sulphur (oil) of the plant was next slowly evaporated. This last process had the merit to evidence more clearly than in the previous method, the oil (Sulphur) of the plant.
Now, with regards to the extractions of the Salt, Spagyric alchemist d’Eyrfurt, monk Basile Valentin, give us the general process as follow:
“Take an herb you have chosen,reduce it in ashes, wash it with warm water, make the wash coagulate and the salt stays in the fund. Dissolve the salt in the spirit of wine by distillation and dissolve as much as necessary until the salt becomes pure and limpid and does not let any residue; then it is ready”.
But here again,it is possible to work in defferent ways, depending on the temperature at wich ashes whiten, and depending on the desire of the operator to obtain the totality of the salt or only soluble ones. As a matter of fact, what generally the spagyrists tries to obtain, are white ashes so that later on they are able to bear at the best tinctures.But depending on the case, this calcination at white is obtained more or less easily. The minimum temperature,which does net exceed 300°,allows sometimes, depending on the vegetal used-rose’s petals for example- to collect immediately white ashes (or very pale grey). But very often,this preliminary calcination (between 200 and 300°C) will be confirmed as being insufficient, ashes staying black. It will therefore be necessary to calcine in two steps:a first time at black,then,after having pulverized the residue in a porcelain mortar,bring the ashes to fire at approximately 600°C, in a very resistant cupel to calcine , where they will finish to become gradually brighter. Indeed, at about 500°C, some organic compounds are still stable, but as soon as we exceed 600°C, they do not resist a long time to calcination.
If the spagyrist is interested only in soluble Salts, he therefore will place black ashes ( obtained around 300°C) in a solution of water out of minerals (or distilled water).Then, after having warmed and turned up the whole, he will filter and submit to a very slow evaporation the solution obtained. The soluble salts will progressively crystallize and become transparent.
It has to be noted that to favor the solubility of salts- without denaturing the spagyric preparation-he is free to add to Salt principle a little bit of acid (preferably acetic in order to obtain acetates).Add some drops on the warm ashes before doing their lixivation and filter the wole is enough.
A point need still to be underlined here, it is the one of salt volatilization so common among ancients.
By a simple spagyric process, without intervention of any technical and artifice of alchemy, the operator could arrive at opening salts thanks to a particular cohobation and to render them able to sublimate themselves.
This volatilization was generally raised regarding scale (bitartrate of Potassium) and also ragarding the volatile salt of dew- that we have ourselves isolated in its time- but this could be adapted to a lot of other saline compound.
Van Helmont undelined this fact, as well as his disciple Starkey, in a number of his writings related to the volatilization of the Alkalis. The essential oils of a number of plants (heavy in vegetal sulphur) constitute generally a good viaticum to realize this typically Spagyric operation of volatilization by cohobation.
We are obliged to note, and the fact is more than striking, that-in the classic medicine- in allopathy and even in homeopathy-mineral salts extracted from plants are not used, although they have a prime interest and should perfect naturally the mother tinctures extracted from the vegetal.
We can only regret the above. The current knowledge of the plants called anorganica (containing a lot of mineral salts) (1) that act as remineralizr producing an exchange of element in human body, should have allowed a deep study of the prime importance of the salts that constitute the mineral substance of vegetal.
The great german spagyrist baron Alexander Von Bernus, wrote on this subject, in his fascination book: Alchemy and Medicine (ed. Dangles,Paris).
Three groups of medications as spagyric homeopathy:
1. The covering action of remedies in spagyric homeopathy what are called vital activities: areas of awareness and biological functioning of which depends on integration and balance the general welfare and health.
2. The specifics with a selective biotropism(an obsolete term for a theory that a drug eruption may be due to activation of a latent allergy by the drug) to organs and functions of both physiological and psychological.
3. Salts, mineral remedies governing bioinorganic reactions of the patient.
Spagyric Homeopathic remedies act through the neuro- immune-endocrine system and pathways nurturing the reactivity of patient to have the energy to regain his health. By infinitesimal doses, at concentrations similar to those operating their own metabolism regulatory molecules, hormones, neurotransmitters, etc.
His administration is oral (sublingual) which is a quick and easy absorption. The administration of these remedies do not produce toxic effects in the body, or so-called side effects.
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Dr Edouard Broussalian,Undisputed Authority on Homeotherapeutics from Geneva,Switzerland,
Comments on Dr.Debasish Kundu’s writings:
” Dear Friends I’m amazed by Prof. Debasish’s knowledge of alchemy, which was really an “hermetic” science, completely closed to profanes. Very little is really known about it, and the story of transforming gold is only for the profanes.”
Dr.Jose Guillermo Zamora, Leading Homeopath from Mazatlan Sinola,Mexico,
Comments on Dr.Debasish Kundu’s writings:
” Dr.Debasish Kundu has demonstrated to be a stunch practitioner of Homeopathy.He has shown himself to be knowledgeable.
Through his comments he expresses a thorough understanding of Homeopathy.”
Late Lord Pandit Prof.Dr.Sir Anton Jayasuriya from Colombo,Srilanka,
Commented(Dt. 26.01.1996) on Dr.Debasish Kundu’s writings:
” Dr.Debasish Kundu is a celebrated practitioner. Neither he nor his writings need any introduction to the medical profession.”
Dr Debasish Kundu is Editorial Board Member, European Journal of Food Research & Review (EJFRR),
Sciencedomain international (Web: http://www.sciencedomain.org)
Editorial Member & Columnist, Academic Journals,5170-00200,Nairobi,73023
Victoria Island, Lagos (http://www.academicjournals.org)
And Author of several Books incl bestsellers
•Natural Medicines(Part-One) Co-Authored with Dr.Malik A.K.Awan
•A Clinical Treatise on Cancer
•Aids & Homeopathy – Co-Authored with Dr.S.Azizur Rahman,Ex-Member,Bangladesh Homeopathic Board,Dhaka,
•Aids & Your Sex Life
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